Agriculture, Forestry and Other Basic , Activities: By reason of its location and its climate, soil and hydrology, Niger State has the capacity to produce most of Nigeria's stable crops. It also has ample opportunities for grazing, fishing and forestry.
Thus, cereals (guinea corn, millet, maize and rice), grains and legumes (cowpea, bambara nuts), root and tubers (yam, cassava and patatoes), oil seeds and nuts (soyabeans, sheanuts, groundnut, . beniseed and melon), fruits (mango, orange, banana, cashew and guava) fibres (cotton and kenaf) and others such as vegetables and sugar cane can be profitably grown in the state. These provide the agrobased resources in the State.
Agriculture is the back bone of the economy of Niger State as nearly 90 per cent of the population depend either directly or indirectly on it for their livelihood. The state is one of the largest and most fertile agricultural lands in the country. With only i about 10 per cent of the state's arable land being cultivated, in addtion to the favourable climatic conditions, unique opportunities exist in the State for the establishsment of large scale farms.
As in other states, the incidence of bush clearing by burning has led to the disappearance of traces of rainforest which occur in the Niger trough and flood plain. There is some lumbering activity in Southern Guinea savannah zone of the State. Other basic activities in the state include cot tage industries (Table 26.4). On average, there are four cottage industries in each LGA of the State.
Mineral Resources: Minerals such as gold, clay, silica and sand, granites, marble, copper, iron, s feldspar, lead, kaoline, cassiterite, columbite, tanta " lite and limestone are known to exist in the state (Table 26.3) However, most of these minerals have not been quantified and assessed for their quality and economic viability.
Local Sourcing of Raw Materials: The material resources outlined above provide local raw materials that would form the basis of agrobased and mineral based industries in the state.